Nerve Damage Repair
Nerve Damage: Repair and Recuperation
Many people worry about the process of nerve damage repair. Nerve damage, also called peripheral neuropathy, refers to the condition where the nerves branching out from the spinal cord are affected by disease, pressure or trauma. These nerves play a crucial part in transmitting information to and from the brain. Nerve damage by and large affects the nerves that coordinate information between the brain and a muscle and so its symptoms include numbness, tingling, spasms, weakness and pain. While people of all age groups, both genders and all races are afflicted by nerve damage, diabetics are seen as having a slightly higher risk factor than the average population.
Nerve damage repair depends on what is causing the damage in the first place. Nerve damage will have to be assessed by a doctor to determine whether intervention is necessary or if the body will find a way to fix itself. Physicians refer to the damage caused by stretching or crushing related to an accident such as a cut or a broken bone as trauma induced nerve damage. In many cases nerve damage repair happens as the body heals from the trauma. So depending on the extent of the accident, the repair process can be quick or slow. A fractured bone may take longer to heal than a cut in the skin and so the nerve damage in the latter case will heal a lot quicker than in the former situation.
Quicker is a relative term in nerve damage repair. Nerves are attached to the spinal cord and when a nerve is damaged it essentially dies and leaves a hollow space into which the new nerve must grow and establish a new connection between body parts. As is to be expected, nerves do not just sprout and form attachments. They take time to grow and given that they are said to grow at a rate of an inch every month, nerve damage repair will take some time and patients will do well to be patient. Do not fret if you do not experience sensation in an affected part of your body for a long time. The age of the patient also plays a big part in the process of recovery with children often experiencing complete return of normalcy whereas older patients may not see such complete recuperation.
Sometimes nerve damage is the result of some other physiological problem and in those cases, the underlying problem will need to be addressed before the nerve damage repair can happen.
In some cases, the nerve damage repair will not be automatic. Surgery may be needed to make the nerve functional again. Among the surgery options available to a patient are the sewing together of nerves or grafting of nerves from another part of the body. In the case of grafting, the doctor will inform the patient that the area from where the numb is removed will become numb. This solution will be considered in cases where the nerve damage is in a critical area and the grafting will be done from a section of the body where the nerve is not critical. The patient should make a well-informed decision about the grafting as it is an important physical change. Sometimes doctors also suggest something called tendon transfer for nerve damage repair. While this will not replace the affected nerve, it may help with the functioning of that section of the nerve.
There are no quick fixes for nerve damage repair but a healthy life style with proper diet and recommended exercises can go a long way in easing the path for the patient. Patience and following medical instructions about medication and physiotherapy can help in facilitating nerve damage repair. There have been encouraging results from recent researches with the use of antioxidants which suggest that these can help in accelerating the process of recovery, especially in cases of pinched nerve or sciatica.